Types of Hosting Services and Their Advantages and Disadvantages

Each type of hosting has varying specifications and prices, to accommodate different needs. So before subscribing to hosting, make sure you choose a hosting service according to your website's needs, OK!

So, here is a list of types of web hosting that are generally offered by hosting service providers:

1. Shared Hosting

Shared Hosting is a type of hosting service where the server is used by many users together. The way Shared Hosting works is actually similar to the concept of a boarding house.

For example, you rent a boarding house that only has one bathroom, kitchen, electricity and water to share. So, you have to share these facilities with other residents.

Likewise with Shared Hosting. You have to be satisfied with sharing Indonesian hosting capacity, such as bandwidth, disk space, and so on. When one user uses too many resources, your site could be affected.

- Economical price.
- The hosting server is fully managed and maintained by the hosting provider.
- Suitable for beginners.
- Complete facilities, starting from disk space, unlimited bandwidth, database, to SSL.

- If a user uses the facilities excessively, other website users can also feel the impact.
- There is a file storage limit and web hosting facilities.

2. VPS Hosting

Virtual Private Server or VPS is a type of web hosting where resources are divided for each user. So, you can utilize server resources without being influenced by other users' usage.

On a VPS, you have the freedom to organize and manage the available resources independently. This means that you need to have technical server management skills.

This type of web hosting is like a one-bedroom apartment that provides private facilities. Where each apartment has its own electricity, water, bathroom and kitchen meters. This is different from boarding houses where all the facilities are integrated into the other rooms.

- Because it is private, resources are not affected by other users.
- Free VPS hosting server customization.
- Can manage multiple hosting accounts.
- Free to choose the operating system (OS).
- Prices are more affordable than Dedicated Hosting.

- Must configure the server yourself.
- Need to have a technical understanding of servers.

3. Cloud Hosting

Cloud Hosting is a hosting service with performance like a VPS, but with ease of management like Shared Hosting. In other words, you don't need to have high technical skills to use this hosting.

If you put it like this, Cloud Hosting is like doing a restaurant business. One day, you open restaurant branches in several locations, so that the queue doesn't overflow in just one place.

Likewise, Cloud Hosting will distribute the workload to several servers at once. If one of the hosting servers experiences a problem, the website can still operate smoothly with backup from another server.

- There are many resources available.
- Can accommodate very high traffic.
- Full managed by hosting service provider.
- No need for deep technical knowledge.

- Prices are more expensive than VPS and Shared Hosting.

4. WordPress Hosting

WordPress Hosting is a type of hosting service specifically designed for WordPress management. The specifications themselves are more or less like Shared Hosting.

However, the advantage of WordPress Hosting is that all configurations have been set for the needs of the WordPress website. That way, all you have to do is tinker a little, then the website is ready to use.

If you think of it, you rent a boarding room with complete facilities available. You just need to put your belongings in, and the room is immediately ready to live in.

- Economical prices like Shared Hosting.
- Integrated with WordPress.
- Friendly for beginners.
- Full managed by hosting provider.
- Facilities such as disk space, SSL, and the like are quite complete.

- Resources are limited and used simultaneously.
- If another user uses excessive resources, your website will also be affected.

5. Email Hosting

As the name suggests, Email Hosting is a special type of hosting for email needs. This means that the server you use is specifically designed for sending and receiving emails professionally.

By using Email Hosting, you can have email with your own domain. For example your.name@domainname.com. However, because it is specifically for email, you cannot host a website with this service.

If you make an analogy, subscribing to Email Hosting is like when you rent a kiosk to sell. The facilities provided are of course only to support your buying and selling needs and activities.

- Complete email-specific features.
- Can perform weekly backups for email.
- Email inbox is safe from spam.
- Can send up to 100 emails per hour.

- Can only create emails with the main domain.
- There are no features commonly found in hosting packages, such as File Manager and Domain Management.

6. Dedicated Hosting

Dedicated Hosting is a type of hosting where the server is only used by one user. With a server that is exclusive to you, you don't need to worry about the website going down because of other users.

Apart from that, you have the freedom to manage and organize the server according to your needs. That means, you need to have a technical understanding to manage the server.

In other words, Dedicated Hosting is a private house that you buy from a house developer. You are free to arrange, manage, and even modify your home as you wish.

- Resources are very large.
- Able to accommodate high traffic.
- Can store a lot of data (big data).
- Have root access to manage the server.
- Free to choose the operating system.

- The price offered is very expensive.
- Must do server maintenance yourself.
- Need to have technical understanding.